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Introduction

FSSAI stands for Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. It was set up to access the quality standards of business that handles food products. To comply with international standards of food safety, this body was set up as an autonomous institution to administer the quality of food in India. This institution ensures that the food is unadulterated and safe for consumption for human beings. Quality checks would be conducted as prescribed by the FSSAI.

Any industry dealing with food products has to secure this license. For instance, the manufacturer has to secure this license. Apart from these other institutions that take part in the food manufacturing process+s also require this license. Hence, it is crucial to abide by the rules of the FSSAI.

Requirement of FSSAI Registration License

Both the terms FSSAI license and FSSAI registration do not mean the same, as these terms would be determined based on the size of the business. Every business dealing in food products would have to go for an online FSSAI registration.

Previously the registration process for FSSAI was conducted online through Food Licensing and Registration System (FLRS). Since November 2020, the Food Safety and Compliance System (FosCos) has replaced the previous system (FLRS).

If an applicant requires a new license then the system under FosCos has to be utilised. Any registered user having a license under the previous system would have to verify the details of the license under the FosCos.

Who need to take Registration/License?

  • Manufacturers:-
    This would include any manufacturer carrying out activities related to producing food products.
  • Fast Food Joints:-
    Any Joint that serves fast food would have to take the FSSAI registration. Irrespective of whether the food joint is small or large, this form of registration is mandatory.
  • Hotels:-
    Any hotel which has restaurants have to secure this license. Whether the hotel is large or small, this compliance is mandatory.
  • Banquet Halls:-
    Banquet Halls and Marriage halls only deal with serving food. However, before the food is served, it is handled. Any process related to food would also include handling. Hence FSSAI registration is required for banquets and marriage halls.
  • Import and Export Houses:-
    Any institutions that deal with the import and export of food products would have to secure the FSSAI registration. Apart from the FSSAI License, this institution would also have to a valid IEC license (Import-Export Code) license.
  • Airports:-
    Restaurants and eateries are present in airports, hence to comply with quality standards, even airports have to secure compliance under FSSAI.
  • Airplanes:-
    are prepared and served during the flight. Any airline or Airline Company would have to secure this license, as meals
  • Storage Houses:-
    Any institution that stores meat based products and other food products would be required to comply with the requirements of securing an FSSAI license.
  • Stall Selling Food Products:-
    Any small stall which is selling food products would also have to secure this license. If the food is prepared and served by an individual through the movable cart, then the license is not required. However other stalls would be required to secure this license.
  • Units which utilize vegetable oil, cottage mills:-
    Any industrial unit which utilised vegetable oil would require food license. Apart from this cottage mills and small-scale industries. Such units which have the production or processing of vegetable oil through the refinery system or expeller system. The capacity of such systems should not exceed more than 100 litres per day.
  • Dairy Units:-
    Any units or industry that is carrying out handling milk and milk-based products. This would include processes such as chilling of milk, procurement and handling of milk.
  • Slaughter Houses:-
    Any institution which is considered as a slaughter house.
  • Any other Institution that sells food:-
    Any other institution that falls under the eligibility criteria has to go for the process of FSSAI registration.

  • Types of FSSAI License

  • Basic FSSAI License/Registrations:-
    Any FBO having a turnover of less than 12 lakhs per annum must go for basic FSSAI registration. Hence any business which serves food and is considered as a petty food business would require this license. The applicant has to fill details in Form- A and submit to the FSSAI to secure this form of license.
  • State FSSAI License:-
    Any FBO having a turnover of more than Rs 12 Lakhs per annum and less than Rs. 20 crore must go for the state fssai license. A medium sized food business operator should consider this form of license. The applicant has to fill details in Form- B and submit to the FSSAI to secure this form of license.
  • Central FSSAI License:-
    For this form of license, the applicant must have a turnover of more than 20 crores per annum. Any large food business or government office supplying food to other countries must secure this form of license. The applicant has to fill details in Form- B and submit to the FSSAI to secure this form of license.

  • Procedure to get fssai license

  • Submit Form on Official Website:-
    First the applicant has to choose the type of business he is operating. Based on the annual turnover the applicant will either have to go for the process of basic registration or state/central registration. If it is basic registration, then Form-A should be used. If it is state or central registration then Form-B must be used. Since November 2020, the Food Safety and Compliance System (FosCos) has replaced the previous system (FLRS). So the applicant has to go to the FosCos website to make a fresh application.
  • Registration Fees:-
    With the form the applicant would have to pay the registration fee for FSSAI registration.
  • Attach Documents:-
    Respective documents have to be attached along with this.
  • UARN Number:-
    After this process is complete, a unique application reference number (UARN) would be generated. The applicant would have to quote this in all correspondence. Even for state or central registration, the same process is used.
  • Scrutiny by Authority:-
    After the form is received by the authority, they will scrutinise the same.
  • Premises Inspection:-
    the criteria and standards as required by the FSSAI. In the next step, the premises would be inspected by the authority to see if it meets
  • FSSAI Registration Certificate:-
    If there is no issues with the application and the premises, the authority will issue the FSSAI registration Certificate.

  • Documents for FSSAI Registration

  • Application form – Form A or Form B which is signed by the applicant
  • Two Photographs of the Applicant- recent
  • PAN Card of Executives of the Business
  • Rent Agreement
  • Utility Bills if the premises is owned by the applicant
  • In case the firm is a partnership, then the copy of the partnership deed must be taken
  • Food Products and Category List
  • ‘AOA and MOA in case the entity is a company
  • Board Resolution- Form X for the purposes of appointment
  • Aadhaar and Voted ID- Identification Documents

  • Apart from the above, there are specific documents required for state registration:

  • Layout of Premises with Machine Plan
  • NOC
  • Permit from manufacture if required
  • Food Products Details
  • Copies of Relevant Food Safety Management Systems.

  • For Central Registration there are more documents required:

  • Layout of Premises with Machine Plan
  • NOC
  • Permit from manufacture if required
  • Food Products Details
  • Copies of Relevant Food Safety Management Systems
  • Water Analysis and Report from Laboratory
  • Information on Annual Turnover
  • Details of Supply and Procurement of Milk and Meat
  • IEC Certificate
  • NOC from FSSAI
  • Pesticide Residual Report- If business is engaged in Mineral Water Production.

  • Frequently Asked Questions

    Is there any business or individual that is exempted from securing the FSSAI license?
    Yes under section 31(2) of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 . They are the following:
  • Petting manufacturer of food in house for the purpose of conducting business
  • Petty Retailers
  • Any Hawker or Street Vendor
  • Temporary Stall owner
  • Small FBOs and Cottage Food Industries.
  • What would happen if the FSSAI License and Registration is not taken?

    There are harsh consequences of not taking the license

  • The FSSAI Logo cannot be utilized.
  • Obtaining Credit would become hard.
  • Non-compliance will cause penalties such as fines.
  • Apart from this, the authority can also close down the business.
  • Are there any penalties for not taking the license?

    Yes the following are the penalties levied under the FSSAI Act, 2006:

  • Substandard Quality: Rs. 2 Lakhs, Rs. 25 thousand for petty manufacturers
  • Brand name of food is copied or misguidance Rs. 5 Lakhs
  • Fake Description Rs. 10 Lakhs
  • Adulterated Matter in Food: Rs. 1 Lakh
  • Non-Compliance of orders of officer Rs. 2 Lakhs
  • Unhygienic ways of Processing: Rs. 1 Lakh.
  • Is there anything called as recall under the Act?

    Yes, food is recalled, when there is no compliance with the requirement of quality of a particular product. Usually, food is recalled throughout India. This is present under section 28 of the Act.
    Do export and import houses require to secure food license?

    Yes, Central FSSAI registration license is required for export and import house. Apart from this, the house would also require to take IEC registration.
    Is an FSSAI license required for opening a food truck?

    Yes, any Food Business Operating Licence or Shop and Establishment licence is required for the food truck in India.
    Is FSSAI required for repacking and selling?

    dealing with food requires this form of license. Yes, FSSAI license is required for repackaging and selling. Any business that is